Requirements
  • Full driving license
Contact Details

Tel +44(0)1638 675907
Email Di.Farrell-Thomas@brs.org.uk

Course Dates
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    End Date
  • Animal welfare legislation requires that those who transport horses in connection with an economic activity on journeys over 65kms MUST hold a Certificate of Competence, such as a Level 3 Award in the principles of transporting horses by road on short journeys (formerly CET) or Level 3 Award in the principles of transporting horses on long journeys (Attendant or Attendant/Driver, formerly ACET).

    An economic activity is defined as ‘Any transport of animals undertaken as part of a business or commercial activity, which aims at achieving financial gain, whether direct or indirect, for any person or company involved with transport.’ (DEFRA 2007)

    Those who fall within the scope of the new regulations are also required to have valid ‘Transporter Authorisation’ (forms available from DEFRA) and, if travelling horses on journeys over 8 hours, must ensure that their vehicle(s) has been inspected and approved by DEFRA.

     

    Who is affected by the legislation?

    • Racing (licensed trainers, point-to-point trainers, pre-training/rehabilitation etc)
    • Breeding (studs)
    • Sport Horses (eventing, show jumping, dressage, showing etc)
    • Horse Transport (incl. foreign businesses operating in the UK).

     

    Are there any exemptions?

    There are no ‘grandfather rights’, but DEFRA’s ‘Single-Animal Exemption’ can allow certain journeys to be exempt from the legislation so long as an animal being transported is a single animal accompanied by either its owner or another responsible person. This 1:1 ratio can apply for up to FOUR horses being accompanied by FOUR responsible persons.

     

    Where can I find further information on the legislation?

    • DEFRA website
    • DEFRA ‘Welfare in Transport’ Helpline – 0845 603 8395

     

    Level 3 Award in the principles of transporting horses by road on short journeys (formerly CET)

    For those transporting horses on journeys over 65kms and under 8 hours.

    For a journey under 8 hours which involves a vehicle carrying horses in connection with an economic activity (i.e. a business), the driver must hold a Level 3 Award in the principles of transporting horses by road on short journeys Certificate of Competence (Attendant & Driver).

    Multiple Choice Exam:

    This may be sat either:
    a) at The British Racing School, Newmarket, or
    b) at an external local venue of your choice

    • External venues MUST meet with BHEST’s exam location accommodation
    • requirements and all booking arrangements must be made by the candidate. An additional charge will be incurred for BRS staff mileage.
    • Exams are only offered in the workplace if there is sufficient demand.
    • Candidates must achieve a minimum score of at least 70% correct answers in order to pass.

    Price = £140 (Group discount price £110pp for groups of 8 or more)

    Level 3 Award in the principles of transporting horses on long journeys (formerly ACET)

    For those transporting horses on journeys exceeding 8 hours.

    Options:

    • Transportation of horses during long journeys (multiple-choice exam)
    • Handling of horses for transportation (practical assessment)
    • Driving a vehicle transporting horses (practical assessment)
    • Attendant only
    • Driver only
    • Attendant and Driver

    For a journey over 8 hours which involves a vehicle carrying horses in connection with an economic activity (i.e. a business), the driver must hold a Level 3 Award in the principles of transporting horses on long journeys Certificate of Competence as a Driver only or Attendant & Driver. A person with Driver only certification MUST be accompanied by a person with Attendant certification (or Attendant & Driver). Therefore, two scenarios can exist:

    1. The Driver has achieved a Certificate of Competence for both options (Attendant & Driver)
    2. The Driver has achieved a Certificate of Competence for the Driver option only. This person MUST be accompanied by at least one person who holds a Certificate of Competence as either an Attendant or Attendant & Driver.

    Any additional passengers who have a role or responsibility with regards to the horse(s)’ welfare during transport must also hold a Certificate of Competence (Attendant).

    Multiple-Choice Exam:

    This may be sat either:
    a) at The British Racing School, Newmarket, or
    b) at an external local venue of your choice (e.g. village hall, private workplace).

    • External venues MUST meet with BHEST’s exam location accommodation requirements and all booking arrangements must be made by the candidate.
    • Candidates must achieve a minimum score of at least 70% correct answers in order to pass.
    • Candidates may complete the exam and practical assessment in any order and not necessarily on the same day.

    Practical Assessment:

    This can be carried out either;
    a) at The British Racing School, Newmarket, or
    b) at your/your employer’s private yard or workplace using your/their horses and equipment. An additional charge will be incurred for BRS staff mileage.

    • Candidates should bring their own vehicle to assessments, which must be suitable for transporting horses and meet all legal requirements.
    • Exams/practical assessments will only be offered in the workplace if there is sufficient demand.

    Price = £160 (Group discount price £125pp for groups of 8 or more.

    Welfare of Animals During Transport Regulations – Equine related case studies

    February 2007

    Background notes – PLEASE READ FIRST

    • To be read in conjunction with Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 and the Welfare of Animals During Transport Guidance notes.
    • These are hypothetical examples, to be used as a guide, for the purpose of Welfare of Animals During Transport Regulations only (subsequently referenced to below as ‘these Regulations’). They are without prejudice to any other requirements to comply with other pieces of legislation. Whilst these case studies are intended to be as helpful as possible, they merely reflect our interpretation of these Regulations and the opinions provided should not be considered as definitive as only the Courts can provide this.
    • They are not intended to give definitive answers, as there are often other factors to be taken into account. If you are still unsure how the Regulations apply to you, please contact your Animal Health and Welfare Inspector at your local trading standards office.
    • Even if a journey is not covered by these Regulations, it will still be covered by general animal welfare provisions, which will apply to ALL journeys.
    • This guidance is for journeys within this country. If the journey is to another EU County it is important you check with that country as their interpretations of the legislation may be slightly different.
    • The guidance and these case studies gives some assistance in defining whether a journey is connected with an economic activity or not, however, It is the transporter who must be satisfied whether their journey is economic or not and be able to explain this if questioned.
    • In those examples deemed to be an ‘economic activity’ and therefore covered by the Regulation, all drivers and attendants in charge of horses will need to undergo independent assessment and certified as competent by 5 January 2008. Full details can be found on the Defra website
    • Other basic requirements of the Regulation:
      ~ Journeys more than 65 km and less than 8 hours : Type 1 Authorisation
      ~ Journeys more than 8 hours: Type 2 Authorisation and Vehicle(s) to be inspected and approved.

     

    Examples

    EG 1.

    I have two horses which I regularly compete in competitions for pleasure, as my hobby. I occasionally win a small amount of prize money. I sometimes travel to shows over 8 hours away.

    It would appear that this journey is not an economic activity as it is for leisure purposes, so this journey would not be covered by these Regulations. General Animal Welfare provisions still apply, however. The journey time in this situation is therefore irrelevant as this journey is outside the scope of these Regulations.

    EG 2.

    I have two horses which I regularly compete in competitions for pleasure, as my hobby. I occasionally win a small amount of prize money. I never travel to shows over 8 hours away.

    See EG1.

    EG 3.

    I am travelling to a show which is over 8 hours away, for pleasure purposes. I will be the only person responsible for my two horses for the duration of the journey.

    It would appear that this journey is not an economic activity as it is for leisure purposes, so this journey would not be covered by these Regulations. General Animal Welfare provisions still apply however. (The journey time in this situation is therefore irrelevant as this journey is outside the scope of these Regulations.)

    EG 4.

    I have my own horse which I regularly take to shows as my hobby. Sometimes I take a friend’s horse and we share the petrol money.

    For the purposes of these Regulations, it would appear that this journey is not an economic activity, so this journey would not be covered by these Regulations. General Animal Welfare provisions still apply however.

    EG 5.

    I own a livery yard and often give my clients’ horses lifts to shows in exchange for payment. The length of journey is never over 8 hours in total.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the journey in this case is under 8 hours in total, a transporter authorisation (Type 1 – short journey) would be needed

    EG 6.

    I own a livery yard and often give my clients’ horses lifts to shows in exchange for payment. The length of journey is over 8 hours in total.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the journey in this case is over 8 hours in total, a transporter authorisation (Type 2 – long journey) would be needed, as well as vehicle inspection and approval.

    EG 7.

    I am a racehorse transporter who regularly transports other people’s racehorses around the country as my business. I want to take 5 horses to a race meeting and the journey will take me 3.5 hours there and 3.5 hours back, and I will spend around 3 hours at the meeting. I will have two members of staff with me.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the total journey time in this case is under 8 hours in total, (3.5 3.5 = 7 hours. Time spent at meeting is counted as neutral time) a transporter authorisation (Type 1 – short journey) would be needed.

    EG 8.

    I am a racehorse trainer and I want to transport two horses to a race meeting which is 5 hours away, returning the same day. I will have one member of my staff with me in the horse box.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would in principle be covered by these Regulations. In this case, however, the single animal exemption could apply. This allows a single horse to travel accompanied by one person with responsibility for that horse (this does not have to be the horse’s owner). In this case, there are two horses accompanied by two people, (this exemption can cover up to 4 horses – with 4 people) therefore, the Regulations do not apply. General Animal Welfare provisions still apply however.

    EG 9.

    I am a racehorse transporter and I want to take 4 horses to a meeting which is 6.5 hours away. I will stay over night and travel home the next day.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the total journey time in this case is over 8 hours in total, (total journey time is 6.5 6.5 = 13 hours) a transporter authorisation (Type 2 – long journey) would be needed, as well as vehicle inspection and approval. As the overnight stay is less than 48 hours the journey is counted as a continuous journey (a round trip).

    EG 10.

    I am a horse transporter and I want to take 4 horses to a show which is 6 hours away. I will stay for over 48 hours and then travel home.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the journey is broken up by a 48 hour rest period the journey times are taken as two separate 6 hour journeys and not combined. Therefore, the journey time in this case is under 8 hours in total and a transporter authorisation (Type 1 – short journey) would be needed.

    EG 11.

    I am a racehorse trainer and all the horses I train are owned by me so I don’t charge for transport. I want to transport three of my horses to a race meeting which is 6.5 hours away. I will stay over night and return the day after the race

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity as the journey is directly or indirectly associated with the transporter’s business of training racehorses. See EG 9 answer.

    EG 12.

    I am a horse transporter and want to take 4 horses to a sale. The journey will take me 7 hours and I hope to sell all the horses at the sale. I may buy some other horses and bring those back.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the horses that are coming back are different horses (if all the horses taken to the sale are sold), it will count as two separate journeys of 7 hours each. As the total journey time in this case is therefore under 8 hours, only a transporter authorisation (Type 1 – short journey) is required for this journey.

    However, it is foreseeable that animals may be unsold, and therefore need to return home (irrespective of the intention to sell them). Failure to sell should not be deemed as an event that is out of the transporter’s control, and it would be better to presume animals will not sell and will need to come home.

    Therefore, it would be advisable to hold a Type 2 authorisation and vehicle approval, as the total journey time for any unsold horses in this case would be over 8 hours. The journey time is 7 7 = 14 hours. Time spent at the sale is counted as neutral time.

    EG 13.

    I am a horse transporter and want to take 6 horses to France for a competition. I will be paid by the horses’ owners. The journey will take me 7 hours each way. I will stay one night in France.
    Our interpretation is that this is a single journey and an economic activity thus requiring Type 2 authorisation and vehicle approval. However, our interpretations cannot be held to apply for journeys outside the UK as we cannot guarantee that other Member States will interpret the Regulations as we do. Derogations granted, requirements for transporter authorisations, vehicle approval and training/competence may all differ from ours. Therefore, when taking animals overseas in connection with an economic activity we strongly recommend that transporters check with the competent authority/ Agent/appropriate contact in the relevant Member State(s) for details of their requirements.

    EG 14.

    I am a professional horse transporter and started out on a journey which should have taken me 3 hours each way. I got stuck in a large traffic jam and the total journey eventually took me 9 hours.

    It would appear that this journey is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. As the total journey time in this case was expected to be under 8 hours in total, a transporter authorisation (Type 1 – short journey) would be needed. As the delay was unexpected and caused by a traffic jam you would not be expected to have Type 2 authorisation and vehicle approval on this occasion.

    However, if such delays happened on a regular basis for this route, it would be advisable to hold a Type 2 authorisation and vehicle approval

    EG 15.

    I do not own a box but sometimes use self drive companies and hire a box for a day. Who is responsible for obtaining the correct vehicle authorisations or transporter licenses for this – if they are needed ?

    The transporter or vehicle owner is responsible for obtaining the appropriate documentation for their vehicle/s. It is, however, the driver’s responsibility to check that appropriate documentation is in place, and a copy is present in the vehicle, before undertaking the journey. The driver must also be fully compliant with the Regulation in terms of authorisation and competence certification (if the animals are being transported as part of an economic activity – and conversant with general welfare provisions if not).

    EG 16.

    I have two ponies registered with a breed society. I regularly transport them all over the country for professional competition, often over 8 hours in total.

    It would appear that this is an economic activity so this journey would be covered by these Regulations. If the total journey time is over 8 hours in total, a transporter authorisation (Type 2 – long journey) would be needed, as well as the vehicle being inspected and approved. The fact the pony is registered only exempts it from certain parts of the Regulations, such as a navigation system, journey log and resting times/watering intervals. (see guidance for more details on these